The simple lifecycle of a virus covers its journey from entering a living organism to replicating itself within the host and making the space a home. An HPV virus also follows the same route where it tends to survive within the host organism that it enters to cause an infection.
This post details the HPV virus life cycle backed up with scientific details.
Human Papillomavirus: General Life Cycle
The primary thing about the general life cycle of an HPV is that, in most cases, it will enter the host system and leave after some time without any symptoms or consequences. In scenarios where an infection is diagnosed with different symptom/s, you need professional help and support.
The symptoms will vary depending on the immunity of each individual and could be a factor in determining how the HPV virus acts within the system and how long does HPV stay dormant. The first stage in the life cycle of an HPV virus is the infection stage, where it enters the skin tissues via genital area contact.
The next step in the virus life cycle is the replication stage. How the virus progresses in this stage relies on the infected person’s immunity and the virus strain or type. It could be a productive infection if the replication of the viral particles spreads to a deeper level.
Under the HPV life cycle steps, the latency of the virus is high, and it may lie dormant in up to 90% of infections. In this situation, critical conditions like cancerous growth may not occur. If the immune system is healthy, CD4+ T cells in your body will overcome the infection level of the virus. If higher infection symptoms do not occur, then the virus particles will leave your system after a specific period without causing severe problems.
Scientific Details Behind the Life of the HPV Virus
Some of the scientific tips and pointers that you need to follow regarding the HPV life cycle diagram are listed below:
- Most HPV infection types will cause harm to the cutaneous membrane initially, which is a direct attack on our skin. One-third of the identified virus types will bother the mucosal membrane that is part of organs and body cavities.
- The replication of HPV genomes can be regulated. The virus strains are segregated in this case and controlled within the basal cells. Here, the copy number of cells will be low.
- The study of HPV biology and HPV life expectancy is an excellent model for understanding cancer development in cells. Multi-step carcinogenesis can be effectively studied in the case of HPV-induced cancer. It owes to the relationship between the HPV virus strains and the host cells.
- Between the productive infection and nonproductive infection stages, there is a step where the maintenance of the nonproductive infection stage occurs. It is the bridge where the viral replication and transcription stages happen.
- The translation of virus particles will also occur in this stage, where replication occurs using existing cell structures. These measures are connected to the cell cycle timing as well.
From the perspective of an infected person, what matters more regarding HPV is its prevention, diagnosis, treatment and cure rather than the HPV life span associated with the virus. May you grow fortunate not having to deal with playing host to this deadly virus.